Scientists Color Viruses, Turning Them into Works of Art

HIV, Ebola and Zika are ugly, ugly viruses. But there is a biologist who makes them beautiful, even charismatic: David Goodsell comes from Scripps Research Center in San Diego, California, USA.

He was named the colorist of the biological world. There are cells, bacteria, viruses living below nanometer resolution, where human vision cannot be reached. But that small world was exaggerated by Goodsell, accurately and visually redrawing in watercolor.

Goodsell’s work carries in it both science and art. It requires him to carry out his own research, using high-power microscopes, scanning electron microscopes, X-ray crystallography and spectroscopy techniques, magnetic resonance to study the structure of biological molecule.

The correctly drawn pictures appeared on the cover of many scientific journals. Some are also hung in luxurious guest rooms. That’s how Goodsell makes science become closer, bringing them to every home.

Goodsell was a crystallographer, his work in the 1980s using X-ray machines to photograph crystals, how the atoms in that crystal were arranged. Goodsell began using computer graphics programs to redraw these crystals.

He was one of the first to apply graphics and science, when computer graphics were often used to create simulated flights for pilot training. Wanting to go back to biology, he posed a challenge: Can he draw a picture of magnifying a cell with every organ in their place.

And so he chose to paint E. coli because at that time there was a lot of scientific data that allowed to reconstruct this bacterium correctly on paper. Goodsell has spent a lot of time looking back on all the research on this bacterial structure.

The first drawing was done in watercolor, the watercolor painting skills that Goodsell learned from his grandfather from a young age. He only uses colors that I like, and he thinks colors will allow you to distinguish the different functions of bacteria.

Future of Contemporary Recycling Art

After the reuse of Duchamp’s urinal or Picasso’s scrap paper collage, Will Recycling Art continue to stand in the historical context of this era?

In the 21st century, groups of developing countries such as China, India, Vietnam and more contribute significantly to environmental pollution. However, the premise of this situation originated about 200 years ago in Europe and America when huge industrial emissions were blasted out into the atmosphere. Therefore, the problem of environmental pollution or climate change is what all mankind is suffering together and trying to fix. Also from this historical context, the DADA movement was born. Thanks to this movement, Recycling Art gradually affirmed its place in art history. Artists are more creative and the public is more openly embracing, the concept of art moves into a new page full of ideas.

Recycled art has existed for thousands of years by Chinese artisans, in ancient Japanese book illustrations that exist as a human need to express thoughts and feelings through the integration of images. However, it only becomes dramatic and has a more complete concept starting in the 20th century with the contributions of two great artists: Marcel Duchamp and Pablo Picasso.

Isa Genzken – a German sculptor who can be considered a female artist has contributed to the re-definition of modern sculpture in recent years. One of the works that gave the impression to Isa Genzken is the sculpture that imitates the bust of Nefertiti, arranging the same photographs of the Mona Lisa. She wears every statue of Nefertiti (mass produced) sunglasses and a leather belt, an indispensable accessory for every European woman for centuries. The work raises questions for us about the definition of women’s beauty and their position in art history.

It will be a major omission if not mentioning John Chamberlain. He was the one who successfully adapted the abstract school manifested in painting into a three-dimensional work in sculpture. His style can easily be seen through recycled works from old cars, painted them and given them a life and a whole new meaning. After World War II, cars were a monument to America’s respectable heavy industry development as well as a symbol of wealth for American citizens. Frenzy consumer culture is cleverly revealed through these recycling works. By recreating historical ideas about a period of consumption that John has been known forever.